Bordetella aka Kennel Cough is a highly contagious virus that dogs can pick up from other animals. In this article our Villa Rica vets tell you everything you need to know about Bordetella in dogs.
What Is Kennel Cough or Bordetella in Dogs?
Bordetella bronchiseptica is a bacterium is linked to canine respiratory disease. It is part of the canine infectious respiratory complex, which is also known as kennel cough, upper respiratory infection, or infectious tracheobronchitis.
Bordetella is the most common cause of kennel cough in dogs.
How Do Dogs Get Bordetella?
Doggy daycare, groomers, dog parks, and boarding facilities, are places where dogs are more likely to contract this virus. You need to protect your pet against these places or else they can develop symptoms of an upper respiratory infection.
Dogs catch bordetella by inhaling bacterial particles. When these particles make their way to the respiratory tract, the dog can experience an inflamed windpipe or voice box.
These situations can increase the chances of a dog catching diseases caused by the bacterium:
- Colder temperatures
- Exposure to dust or smoke
- Stress (often brought on by travel issues)
- Staying in a poorly ventilated living space (such as certain kennels)
Symptoms of Bordetella in Dogs
Bordetella infections in dogs are characterized by a persistent cough. Coughing can sound similar to a honking goose, according to dog parents. Vets refer to this as "reverse sneezing."
Some other symptoms of Bordetella infections in dogs include:
- Eye discharge
- Less of an appetite
- A consistently runny nose
Treatments for Dogs With Bordetella
The good news is that many Bordetella cases will resolve on their own without the need for further treatment. If you do take your dog to the vet, they may prescribe antibiotics to help him recover faster. Always take the full dose of any medication prescribed by your veterinarian.
Vaccines are also available to prevent infections. Your vet can administer vaccines against these diseases either by an injection or via nose drops.
Bordetella Vaccine for Dogs
The Bordetella vaccine, commonly known as the "kennel cough vaccine," safeguards dogs against a specific virus, effectively protecting them from kennel cough. This vaccine is readily accessible and plays a crucial role in ensuring the safety of your beloved pet. The intranasal version of the Bordetella vaccine is typically administered on an annual basis, although certain boarding facilities or hospitals may recommend it every six months.
If your dog frequently engages in activities such as visiting dog parks, boarding facilities, dog daycare centers, attending training classes, or participating in dog shows, they face an increased risk of contracting bordetella. Many of these establishments require proof of Bordetella vaccination, making it essential to prioritize your dog's health and extracurricular endeavors by getting them vaccinated.
While vaccinations are generally considered safe, it is important to assess the benefits against any potential risks. If your dog is immunocompromised, sick, or pregnant, your veterinarian may advise against administering the Bordetella vaccine to avoid potential side effects. They will carefully evaluate the risks and benefits of the vaccine, especially for dogs with a history of vaccine reactions.
Note: The advice provided in this post is intended for informational purposes and does not constitute medical advice regarding pets. For an accurate diagnosis of your pet's condition, please make an appointment with your vet.